Below you can find a complete list of South American animals. We currently track 526 animals in South America and are adding more every day!
South America is home to some of the most unique, and exotic animals in the world. From the dangerous to the nearly extinct, we’ve created a list of the most interesting animals on the continent and some of the most exciting facts about them.
The Official National Animal of South America
South America is a continent, and as such, it has no national animal. However, many of the countries within its borders have very prominent national animals that are worth mentioning. From exciting mammals to small omnivorous species, every country is incredibly proud of its individual mascot. For example, the national animal of Guatemala is the quetzal bird, while the national animal of Peru is the Vicuna, which is a type of llama.
Where to Find the Top Wild Animals in South America
Most of the animals in South America can be found either in the Amazon Rainforest or along the Andes mountains. If you’re looking for wildlife, you can generally check nearby wooded areas and expansive grasslands. Most animals like to have shelter and tree cover, but many of the local herbivores prefer to live in open plains where they can see predators approaching. Here is a list of some of the most interesting types of wildlife on the content and a few facts about them:
- Jaguar – The jaguar is the only panther that still exists in the Americas. You can find them in dense forests of all kinds across the continent; there have even been a few sightings within the borders of the United States.
- Capybara – Capybaras are extremely friendly creatures that socialize with all of the other animals in South America. You can usually find them exploring the rainforest, grazing in grasslands, or enjoying a nice soak in a local watering hole.
- Tamarin – From the red-handed tamarin to the golden lion tamarin, South America’s tamarin population is famous, noteable, and adorable. You can find this small omnivorous species in jungles and tropical forests, especially if there is fruit, sunshine, and relative safety.
- Tapir – With their distinctive noses and friendly attitudes, tapirs are one of South America’s most iconic inhabitants. You can find tapirs roaming the continent’s many beautiful grasslands.
- Llama – Llamas have soft, fluffy fur and gregarious personalities. You can usually find llamas in mountainous areas, but they are also known to descend to slightly lower elevations to explore the grassy plains.
- Guinea Pig – The guinea pig is typically seen as a house pet, but you can also find herds of guinea pigs living happily in the Andes mountains and the surrounding areas.
- Sloth – Sloths can be found in the tallest and largest trees across the continent. Many sloths will never leave the tree in which they were born; tree-switching is rare and takes significant effort.
The Most Dangerous Animals in South America Today
South America’s jungles are known for being full of incredibly dangerous animals. Even small omnivorous creatures can turn on you with poisonous teeth and claws. Whether you’re traveling down an undeveloped road or simply out for nature observation, keep an eye out for the following list of rare and exotic wildlife.
- Green Anaconda – Although they are non-venomous, green anacondas are incredibly large and powerful constrictors that are capable of killing humans even when they are quite young. Give these snakes a wide berth, and they should have no reason to attack you.
- Poison Dart Frog – Poison dart frogs are so toxic that they aren’t safe to touch with bare hands. Resist the temptation to reach out and pet one of these adorable and brightly-colored amphibians.
- Bullet Ant – Getting bitten by a bullet ant won’t kill you, but the pain is excruciating and can last up to 24 hours.
- Black Caiman – Caiman lizards are large and effective predators that dwell deep in the Amazon Jungle. In particular, Black Caimans are responsible for most direct attacks on humans.
- Kissing Bug – Also known as vampire bugs, kissing bugs are an incredibly poisonous species that like to land on human’s faces and bite them near the lip. Kissing bugs might not kill you immediately, but their unique venom causes around 30% of their victims develop chronic health problems that can result in sudden heart failure later down the line.
Endangered Animals in South America
South America is full of rare, unique, and exotic species that you can’t find anywhere else in the world. Unfortunately, due to a combination of climate change and human interference, more than 30% of species on the content are endangered nearly extinct. Here are just a few fun facts about some of South America’s struggling animals:
- Orinoco Crocodile – Orinoco crocodiles are some of the largest predators on the continent. However, because they were so heavily hunted for their leather in the 1900s, the population of this species is below 500.
- Lemur Leaf Frog – Lemur leaf frogs are adorable and friendly rainforest inhabitants. Unfortunately, a disease outbreak in the 2010’s reduced their numbers by over 80%, putting this species at serious risk.
- Giant Otter – Giant otters live in rivers of the Amazon Jungle, but their population numbers have dropped steadily over the last few decades. Today, the species is preserved in Peru’s many national parks.
- Black Squirrel Monkey – Due to habitat loss, many squirrel monkeys have been forced to dine on local crops and end up falling victim to pesticides. This problem has made the species endangered far more quickly than local residents expected.
- Pink Amazon Dolphin – Also known as the Amazon river dolphin, these distinctly pink-colored porpoises are rare but important to the local ecosystem. Population numbers are hard to estimate but have been noted to be dwindling.
- Jaguar – Jaguars are endangered for a variety of reasons, including loss of habitat and deliberate poaching. These animals were naturally low in numbers and are nearly extinct in the modern day.
More Articles Related to South America
South American Countries Animals Lists
Click any of the countries below to see a detailed list of animals located in that country!
South American Animals
They are one of the oldest breeds of guinea pig
Their nests are sloppily held together and have an abandoned appearance
Will chase intruders up to a quarter mile from their hives
The largest wingspan of any bird in the world!
They can spit up to 10 feet.
These parrots can be trained to be "talking birds" that mimic human speech
Amazon tree boas come in a rainbow of colors.
They use their bright royal-looking crests during mating season
They are the heaviest snake in the world
Each adult Angora goat produces about 12 inches of mohair annually while kids have about 8 inches.
Their name means snake bird
First evolved 100 million years ago!
Found throughout the Southern Hemisphere!
One of the largest freshwater fish
The first fossil from the genus Arctotherium was discovered back in 1852.
The Argentavis Magnificens was the heaviest flight bird to ever exist
The Argentinosaurus weighed as much as 10 elephants!
Can curl into a hard, protective ball!
They are so named because they "march" in armies of worms from one crop to another in search of food
This rattlesnake only lives on the island of Aruba.
Asian lady beetles infest indoor spaces, but they do not reproduce indoors.
Has a curved, upturned beak!
The banjo catfish is extremely shy and known for hiding from onlookers.
There are over 1768 known species!
Largest terrestrial predator of the Cenozoic era
Not all bark beetles feed on a tree's bark. Some species feed on fruits, seeds, and other parts of the plant
Found everywhere around the world!
Older offspring help care for new hatchlings.
Detects prey using echolocation!
There are 8 different species!
Bed bugs feed for 4-12 minutes.
Rock paintings of bees date back 15,000 years
There are more than 350,000 different species
The Belgian canary is one of the oldest and most influential in its genus.
Not all birds are able to fly!
The biscuit beetle form a symbiotic relationship with yeast
They have bright pink bills.
They can grow to be 7 inches long!
They typically prey on insects!
Some folklore associate Black Witch Moths with bad luck (and even death!), while other associates them with good fortune.
They are the only songbird in North America with an orange throat!
The blind snake is often mistaken for a worm.
Blister beetles release a toxic fluid that causes blistering when they're threatened.
Can live safely with many types of fish.
They travel and forage in pairs or groups
In spring, the male bobolink is the only North American bird who is dark below and light colored above. This makes identification easy.
This is a newly described species! In 2002, scientists realized they had a different species in Bolivia.
Seabirds found across the South Pacific!
They seem to move in slow motion.
Small body and tri-coloured coat!
Can live its entire life indoors
The most common species of bee!
The burrowing owl lives in underground burrows
There are thought to be up 17,500 species!
Cactus moths can cause serious damage to cacti in locations where they have no predators.
Some species' babies use their hooked or scraper-like teeth to peel off and eat their mother's skin
Can grow to up 6 meters long!
Caiman lizards are among the largest lizards.
The camel crickets that are found in the USA are light brown in color. They also have dark streaks all over their body.
These birds travel more than 3,000 miles during migration!
Named after Capuchin friars.
Excellent at both diving and swimming
Carpenter ants can lift up to seven times their own weight with their teeth!
Cascabels rely on their camouflage first, and rattle if that doesn't work.
First domesticated by the Ancient Egyptians!
Evidence indicates that females can delay fertilization and store sperm for later years to produce eggs even in the absence of contact with a male!
The larvae of a moth or butterfly!
There are nearly 3,000 different species!
There are about 3,000 documented species!
They inhabit regrowing forests
First domesticated more than 10,000 years ago!
Surviving on the skin cells of humans and animals
They can cling to the side of an aquarium.
Natively found in the Andes Mountain range!
There are more than 2 000 known species!
Click beetles are named for the clicking noise they make to escape predators.
Clothes Moths can remain in the larvae stage for up to 2 years, but adults only live 10 days.
Coachwhip snakes pose little danger to people
Found in dense forests and wet jungles!
Dated to be around 300 million years old!
Pupae are able to undergo diapause to survive poor fruit yield years and winter.
Form bands of up to 12 individuals!
The common furniture beetle feeds exclusively on wood
House spiders have the ability to eat most insects in a home.
They are intelligent and noisy, often mimicking sounds and learning vocabulary.
There are over 80 species of coral snake worldwide.
They can fly 35 mph and dive 150 feet below water.
All Cory Catfish have three pairs of barbels around their mouth that they use to detect food.
Found in tropical forest edges!
There are nearly 1.5 billion worldwide!
There are 93 different crab groups
Crab Spiders can mimic ants or bird droppings
Female crayfish aren't that maternal; they have to secrete a form of pheromone, referred to as maternal pheromones, that encourages them to take care of their offspring and prevents them from eating their young.
Male crickets can produce sounds by rubbing their wings together
Have changed little in 200 million years!
Crocodylomorphs include extinct ancient species as well as 26 living species today.
A group of these birds is called a Murder.
Darkling Beetles have segmented antennae. Each one is divided into eleven segments.
Camouflages itself as a dead leaf!
Desmostylus has no living descendant.
These "shrimp" evolved to survive very harsh climates, which is one reason they have been able to live so long.
One of the only schooling Cichlids!
Deodicurus was one of the largest glyptodonts to have ever lived.
First domesticated in South-East Asia!
Dog ticks feed on dogs and other mammals
Loyal and affectionate to their family!
First domesticated 5,000 years ago!
It's larvae are carnivorous!
The most popular species of feeder roach
Rows of tiny plates line their teeth!
The dung beetle can push objects many times its own weight
The Dusky Shark sometimes eats trash discarded by humans.
Some species can change color from dark to light, and back again.
Has exceptional eyesight!
They are hermaphrodites, which means they have male and female organs
There are nearly 2,000 different species!
The eastern kingbird is a fierce fighter once known as the butcher king!
They can live up to 9 years.
Eels can be a mere few inches long to 13 feet!
Most species are relatively vocal, making harsh croaking sounds and squeals.
Despite its powerful shock, electric eels have terrible vision.
Have a lifespan of 20 years or more
The males have multiple horns at the front of their bodies.
Ember tetras are one of the smallest shoaling fish in the world
Their teeth are as long as a fully-grown reticulated python
Has an elegant white moustache!
The Executioner Wasp's sting is one of the most painful in the world.
The fastest creatures on the planet!
The fallow deer has more variation in its coat colors than most other deer.
The false coral snake mimics both the coral snake and the cobra to scare away predators
There are several color morphs, including lavender!
False spiders actually prey on black widow spiders and other hazardous spiders
The Most Dangerous Snake in the Americas
The fiddler crab gets its name from the motion the males make with their over-sized claw during the mating ritual.
The breed has a unique, cat-like gait, while females have a finer gait than males.
Finches have strong, conical bills that help them break open tough seeds that many other birds cannot.
The firefly produces some of the most efficient light in the world
Adult fleas can jump up to 7 inches in the air
Flea beetles can jump like fleas when threatened.
Besides being bred for milk and meat, these cattle were also used as draft oxen.
Flour beetles are adapted to survive in very dry environments.
There are more than 240,000 different species!
Can glide up to 90 meters!
Freshwater eels are actually catadromous, meaning they migrate to saltwater to spawn
The freshwater jellyfish is native to China but is now found all over the world
Some emit noxious defense chemicals
There are around 7,000 different species!
Among the largest bats in the world
Fruit flies are among the most common research animals in the world
They build a ramp from their nest, which leads to a nearby water source
Galapagos sharks are cannibalistic and sometimes eat their young, so the pups stay away from the adults in shallow water.
There are thought to be over 2,000 species!
Has distinctive V shape on head!
The most common type of urban roach
Armadillos have a smell that’s described as strong, sweet and acrid.
When giant leopard moths mate, their mating sessions last over 24 hours.
Found inhabiting dense woodland and caves!
Males form large mating swarms at dusk
Golden lancehead snakes climb trees to prey on birds.
Native to the eastern rainforests of Brazil!
Massive reef fish with a strong tail
The goshawk is a popular choice among European falconers
There are 11,000 known species!
Their songs have cat-like qualities and can mimic other birds and animals, like tree frogs.
The gray fox has retractable claws and a rotating wrist that allow it to climb trees with some proficiency
Their wingspan is larger than an eagle’s; both males and females help hatch the eggs; rich in symbolism
This species makes use of some truly unusual nesting material, including snakeskin and garbage
The great kiskadee is a highly adaptable predator that can live in almost any habitat within its range and can hunt in the air, on the ground and in the water.
At night, they make a terrifying low call that sounds like a distressed moan or growl.
Females are often five times longer than males.
The spiderlings look very different than the adults.
Many grouper can change their sex, and it is always from female to male.
Natively found in the Andes Mountain range!
Gulper catfish can consume prey twice its size
Also known as the Millionfish!
One of the most invasive species in the world
This breed doesn't usually make nests or incubate their own chicks.
Able to run as quickly backwards as forwards!
Can reach speeds of over 50 mph!
Talon's the size of a grizzly bear's claws!
Their vision is eight times better than a human's
While the Ferruginous hawk is the largest specie in the USA, Asia’s Upland buzzard is the biggest overall.
Many hawk moth caterpillars eat toxins from plants, but don’t sequester them the way milkweed butterflies do. Most toxins are excreted.
Parents and their young sing sweetly to each other
This dynastine scarab beetle makes a weird huffing sound when it’s disturbed.
Inhabits wetlands around the world!
Prima Donnas of the Snake World
There are only 8 recognized species!
These beetles are herbivores but have an intimidating appearance because of the horn-like projection on their heads. However, they are entirely harmless to humans, as they don't sting or bite.
Natively found in South America!
Has evolved over 50 million years!
Horseflies have been seen performing Immelmann turns, much like fighter jets.
The house sparrow has been introduced all over the world
The wren’s epithet, aedon, comes from a Greek queen who accidentally killed her only son. She was actually aiming for her nephew, and Zeus took pity on her and turned her into a nightingale.
Spends 80% of it's time resting!
Thought to have orignated 200,000 years ago!
Found on the South American coast!
Beat their wings up to 80 times per second!
Some huntsman spiders have an interesting way of moving around. Some cartwheel while others do handsprings or backflips.
The Hyacinth Macaw is the largest flying parrot in the world!
Can jump over 6 feet straight up from a standstill
Found in swamps, marshes and wetlands!
Unlike present-day pengiuns, Icadyptes lived in a warm habitat near the equator.
Uses visual signals to communicate!
The first IMG boa was born in a litter of anerythristic boas.
Since the imperial moth doesn’t eat, it does die shortly after it lays its eggs. Its lifespan is only about one week.
Insects go back over 350 million years, making the creatures older than man, flowering plants and dinosaurs.
There are an estimated 30 million species!
They form lifelong pair bonds and live in groups near water sources.
The jacana has the ability to swim underwater
The largest feline on the American continent!
These cats are expert swimmers.
Japanese bantam chickens are the best flying chicken species
Josephoartigasia monesi the largest known rodent
Some can jump 50 times the length of their bodies
It's beak can reach nearly 20 cm long!
The Kentucky Warbler appears to wear bright yellow cat-eye glasses!
Can hang suspended on wind currents
The killdeer feigns injury to draw a predator away from its nest.
Killifish are highly sought after for their peaceful nature and ability to adapt to most aquarium communities.
The king vulture is the second largest New World vulture species
Inhabits wetlands and woodlands worldwide!
The kinkajou is a nimble forest-dwelling mammal of Central and South America.
Kissing bugs derive their name from the location they prefer to bite, which is usually close to the lips of the host
Produce weak electric fields
The kodkod is among the smallest species of cats in the entire world
There are more than 5,000 species worldwide!
Larder beetles were named based on their attraction to food storage rooms or cupboards, but they do not feed on stored food products.
Leedsichthys is one of the largest fish ever discovered
They can jump up to three feet
Leptocephali have flat bodies filled with jelly-like substances, surrounded by a thin layer of muscle.
The Livyatan had 1 to 1.2 foot long, interlocking teeth
There are around 5,000 different species!
The lizardfish can camouflage itself against the sandy bottom to avoid predators.
Natively found in the Andes Mountain range!
Each locust can eat its weight in plants each day.
Only females have the ‘lone star’ marking
The lungfish first evolved almost 400 million years ago.
The largest species of parrot in the world!
The Macrauchenia was a large mammal, at nearly ten feet in length, weighing about 2,299 pounds.
Threatened by oil spills!
Will only live in wet areas
With an appropriate tail wind, the mallard can travel hundreds of miles a day
Despite its name, the Maned Wolf is not actually a wolf.
Margays are one of the world’s most highly adapted cat species for climbing trees!
Adult marine iguanas vary in size depending on the size of the island where they live.
Produces a toxin used in arrow darts!
There are 2,500 known species worldwide!
In 1968, the mealworm beetle traveled to space and circled the moon on the Soviet mission Zond 5.
They have a symbiotic relationship with ants.
Megatherium probably used its lips more than its tongue when feeling for choice leaves in the treetops.
The northern crested caracara mates for life with its partner
Some colonies have millions of bats
Some species have a poisonous bite!
Mockingbirds are incredible mimics that can learn hundreds of songs!
The mojarra's protruding mouth allows it to sift along the seabed for food
Primarily hunts and feeds on Earthworms!
They eat jellyfish tentacles
Adult Mole crickets may fly as far as 5 miles during mating season and are active most of the year.
Most molluscs have more than one heart
Known for their calm and peaceful nature!
During migration, Monarch Butterflies may travel 250 or more miles each day.
Has characteristics of two or more breeds!
There are around 260 known species!
Moonglow boas are the result of mixing three genetic traits.
Feeds on aquatic insects and water-spiders!
Only the female mosquito actually sucks blood
There are 250,000 different species!
Has no real natural predators!
The Mourning Warbler was named for its gray head, which resembles a mourning veil!
Found on every continent on Earth!
The female mouse spider is rarely seen because they don't leave their burrows.
The offspring of a horse and donkey parents!
Unlike most duck species, the Muscovy is silent and only makes noise when excited or threatened.
Mussurana snakes help keep rodents from overrunning farms.
Causes primary amoebic meningoencephalitis
no stomach to digest food
Neon Tetras are very social and peaceful fish.
When they feel threatened juvenile night herons vomit their stomach contents.
There are 97 nightjar species across 20 genera!
There are more than 5,000 species.
They can reach speeds of 25 Mph but prefer to soar low and slow.
They are closely related to magpie geese
An invasive species, one female nutria can birth up to 200 babies in just a few years of living!
Also known as the Painted Leopard!
Olingos are part of the raccoon family.
Oranda goldfish are one of the most popular fancy goldfish breeds
They inhabit the lowlands of the Amazon rainforest
Females are about four times the size of males
They use rapid wingbeats to hover over foliage as they search for food.
Unlike other cockroach species that live indoors living off humans, oriental cockroaches are outdoor scavengers.
Orinoco crocodiles are the largest predators in South America; they're also going extinct!
The Oscar fish has teeth in its throat!
They reuse nesting sites for 70 years!
There are 13 different species worldwide
The ovenbird is named for its unusual nest, which is shaped like an oven!
The owl can rotate its head some 270 degrees
Owl butterflies derive their name from big spots on each hindwing that resemble owl eyes
Adult owlflies can capture prey while flying in the air.
Prefers to hunt at night than during the day!
Panthera atrox was about 25 percent larger than modern lions
Monk parakeets are the only parakeets that actually build nests. They’re also the only parakeets to nest in great colonies.
Can live for up to 100 years!
The parrot snake shows off with bright green and bronze colors that cover its entire body.
Parrotlets aren't the world's tiniest parrot — that would be the pygmy parrot of Australasia.
The patagotitan's bones were hollow and air-filled.
The Pelagornis is larger than the largest living bird today.
The biggest members of the Pelagornithidae family were the largest flying birds known.
The Peruvian guinea pig is well known for its long, soft tresses and edgy bangs.
The Peruvian Inca Orchid is the national dog of Peru
Females lay between 8 and 12 eggs per clutch!
These small chickens have tails that can be up to five feet long!
It's a genus of terror birds
Pictus catfish are social fish that should be kept in groups of 4 or more
Chicks stay on the parents' backs until they learn to swim
Only found in one area of Brazil!
They can find their way back to their nests from up to 1300 miles away.
Also known as the 'Pink Dolphin'
The smallest known species of Armadillo
Some of these snakes flatten their neck and raise their heads to imitate cobras if they’re threatened.
Generally found in fast-flowing streams!
Pit vipers's fangs fold up into their mouths when they don't need them.
The male broods the eggs and baby fish in his mouth.
Pliosaurs were the short-necked version of plesiosaurs.
Inhabits the jungles of Central and South America!
Can detect electrical fields from other creatures
There are 30 different species worldwide!
The potoo’s eyelids have slits that let them see even when their eyes are closed.
Powderpost beetles prefer living in moist tree limbs, dead wood, and branches. They get into homes through infested joists, paneling, rafters, flooring, and finished wood products.
The mantis can turn its head 180 degrees.
Pterodactyl is not technically a dinosaur. Although they lived during the same time as dinosaurs, they are classified as winged reptiles.
"The ribcage of a Puertosaurus was as large as a school classroom!"
Has longer back legs than front legs!
They are considered dwarf tarantulas.
They build their nests on the water, anchoring it to nearby aquatic vegetation.
Females live more than twice as long as males, up to 12 years old.
Purussaurus had a bite force that is higher than that of any creature that has ever lived
Inhabits woodland and forest areas worldwide!
The tail feathers of the male can be 1m long!
Known to wash their food before eating it!
The rainbow boa is named for its iridescent skin that refracts light and creates a rainbow-colored effect.
Omnivores that eat anything!
Rat snakes are constrictors from the Colubridae family of snakes.
Rattlesnakes may have evolved their rattle to warn bison away from them.
Despite their spectacular coloration, red-eyed tree frogs aren’t poisonous and can be kept as pets.
Male and female Red-Footed Tortoises move their heads to communicate.
Red hair on hands on feet!
Despite its weird looks, the red-lipped batfish is harmless to humans
The redhump eartheater are very passive fish and do well in aquariums with non-cichlid species
One of three giant catfish species
Male rheas mate with up to a dozen females and single-handedly raise up to 80 chicks at once!
Rhinoceros beetles can lift objects 850 times their weight
Inhabits freshwater habitats around the world!
The female pretend they are dead if they do not find the male worthy of mating.
There are 3 different species!
The capybara, the world’s largest rodent, likes to be in and around bodies of water. Because of this, the Catholic Church in South America decided that it was a fish, and people were allowed to eat it during Lent and First Fridays.
Will mate with the entire flock!
Nymphs take 9 to 10 days on average to mature, with a complete lifespan of an estimated 30 days.
Rose-breasted grosbeaks are closely related to cardinals
The only Spoonbill in the western hemisphere!
When threatened, rove beetles raise the ends of their body like scorpions, but they have no sting.
They flip over stones to find prey
Canines up to 7 inches long!
Ferrets were used during the Revolutionary War to keep down the rat population.
Fast billfish with a sail-like dorsal fin
There are more than 700 different species!
Returns upstream every year to spawn
The sand crab burrows beneath the sand with its tail
Sand Dollar skeletons make popular collection items for seashell collectors.
Some sandpipers can migrate more than 8,000 miles without stopping!
Sarcosuchus is a relative of present-day crocodiles.
Newly hatched sauropods weighted less than 11 pounds and put on 2 tons of weight a year!
Sauropods lived in herds.
Savanna goats have only existed since 1957.
They raise their crests to ward off predators
The ancient Egyptians worshipped scarabs.
Like many parrots, the scarlet macaw is capable of vocal mimicry.
There are around 2,000 known species!
The frog's ears are underdeveloped, and if it hears it probably does so through its lungs.
The sea snake is incredibly venomous, even more than a cobra!”
Some gulls are capable of using tools
Males give birth to up to 1,000 offspring!
Thought extinct in the wild from 2009 to 2019
Senepol cattle have a distinctive red color and no horns.
In captivity, sharp-shinned hawks can live up to 13 years. However, in the wild, this number is significantly reduced to 3 years!
Around 35 million in the English countryside!
This fish has teeth that resemble a human's.
The short-eared owl is one of the most widespread owl species in the world, covering five continents.
The spinal column of the shrew Scutisorex somereni is so strong and reinforced that it can support the weight of an adult human.
There are 2,000 different species worldwide!
Closely related to the Piranha
Some skinks lay eggs in some habitats while giving birth to skinklets in other habitats.
Skuas will chase other birds until they give up their catch
Also known as the Polecat!
It's body temperature is between 30 - 34 degrees!
They glide around on one foot, which is aided by the slime they produce
Has up to 45 eggs per egg case
There are nearly 1,000 different species!
There are around 4,000 known species worldwide
Only found in North America!
Snowflake Eel have two jaws to help them swallow their food.
Soldier beetles resemble fireflies, but they're not bioluminescent.
Large web making house spider
There are 140 different species!
Native to the Andes mountains of South America!
Spider beetles have globular bodies, which makes them look like spiders.
Found in the tropical jungles of South America!
They prey on spiders to feed their larvae or they parasitize other spider wasps.
The Spinosaurus is the biggest carnivorous dinosaur ever discovered!
Small rodents found in woodlands worldwide!
Lives in groups of up to 500 individuals!
There are more than 3,000 different species!
They can’t sing like other birds.
The largest freshwater turtle known to have ever lived!
They remove bee stingers by rubbing them against a tree
These larvae are native to Central and South America but now occur on every continent except Antarctica
Their wings form a “V” shape when flying.
swallows have aerodynamic bodies for hunting in flight
Populations have been affected by pollution!
The average lifespan of these strange creatures is 5 to 10 years; however, tailless whip scorpions have been known to live up to a whopping 15 years in captivity!
These tiny yet intelligent monkeys often give birth to fraternal twins.
Most closely related to horses and rhinos!
Tarantula hawks are excellent pollinators, especially for milkweed.
Female teacup minis become sexually mature between 2 and 5 years old, but breeders typically wait until their horse is 3 before letting her reproduce to prevent complications.
Teddy guinea pigs resemble teddy bears, hence their name.
Their mounds can be up to 9 meters tall!
Native to the freshwater streams of South America!
Thanatosdrakon was one of the largest pterosaurs that lived in South America.
Some theropods had feathers and may have been ancestors of modern birds.
The American robin is called the robin because its red breast reminded European settlers of the robin back in the old country.
Thylacosmilus resembled saber-toothed cats, but they’re not related
They inject hosts with a chemical that stops them from feeling the pain of the bite
The adult tiger beetle is one of the fastest land insects in the world
Their jaws can bite through a wooden pencil.
Can live until they are more than 150 years old!
There are more than 40 different species!
Found in warmer jungles and forests!
They are tame and easy to approach
Some species of aquatic turtles can get up to 70 percent of their oxygen through their butt.
Have a very short tail for their size!
The color of the Uaru cichlid changes during the spawning season
Migrates up and down the mountains!
They make jerky movements as they walk through the grass, searching for food.
The female Urutu snake grows longer and heavier than males of the same species
Have a heat sensor on the end of their nose!
They have a fast song that lasts up to 10 syllables at max.
Vicuñas have some of the softest wool in the entire animal kingdom
A slender body and elongated snout give the vine snake a regal look.
Vinegaroons can spray 19 times before the glands are depleted
There are 30 different species worldwide!
Warblers are so called because of the trills of their song.
There are around 75,000 recognised species!
Water beetles bite; they use their legs to inject venomous digestive saliva
Some species of water bugs can deliver a painful bite when handled.
They are typically noisy birds but take on a soft tone with their young.
Due to being so attached to their owners, the Welsh Springer Spaniel does not do well with being left alone and can experience separation anxiety.
Many whiptail species reproduce asexually.
One of the world's most intelligent monkeys!
There are two different types of white ferrets!
The larva is the pest because a fully-grown white-shouldered house moth cannot feed; it can only absorb liquid
White-tail deer are good swimmers
Although deer are herbivores, they will sometimes eat mice and birds when they can catch them.
These birds live in the understory and are named for their propensity for flitting between willows and shrubs.
Thought to date back more than 300,000 years!
Carnivorous arachnid that hunts its prey.
Temperature determines the sex of turtle eggs
This animal can roll up into a ball
Unlike most spiders, woodlouse spiders don’t build a web.
There are 200 different species!
Another name for these fuzzy insects is "boogie-woogie aphids" because of their habit of lifting their posteriors and pulsing them in synchronized motions when threatened.
Has a long, strong prehensile tail!
Yellow, black and white striped fins!
Xenotarsosaurus was one of the first fossils discovered in South America's Bajo Barreal formation.
The Xingu River ray is only found in the Xingu River in Brazil.
Females are much larger than males
Anacondas take prey much bigger compared to body weight than other snakes.
These aphids are primarily wingless; however, once the infestation on their host gets too crowded, they develop wings, allowing them to fly to a new host plant.
The males are responsible for choosing the nesting tree most of the time. Luckily, cavity nests are often reused for multiple breeding seasons (up to 7 years.)
Sea snakes spend approximately 90% of their lives under water.
One of the top 100 worst invasive species!
They swallow soft fruit whole
They forage near the ground, searching leaves for insects
The zebra pleco is a bottom feeder with a sucker mouth.
South American Animals List